FOREX trading refers to an international, 24/7, over the counter, exchange market where currencies of different nations are bought and sold. Trading is always done in pairs assuming the price of currency bought to go up and that sold to fall down. It is the largest liquid financial market making it impossible for any single investor to influence the prices of currencies.

There are two kinds of FOREX investing strategies:

TECHNICAL ANALYSIS
FUNDAMENTAL ANALYSIS

TECHNICAL ANALYSIS:

Technical analysis is mostly undertaken by small and medium-size investors.
The technical analysis considers factors that are actually affecting the market rather than factors that can affect it. Thus the price quoted reflects all the factors that have influenced it. The only market generated facts and figures are taken into account and factors like fear, hope, expectations or other changes are not considered. Thus the analysis is generally based on these suppositions:

Price reflects all actual market movements. That means the price includes everything known to the market like supply and demand for foreign exchange, political factors, trade agreements etc. It is not concerned with what resulted in change rather deals with actual changes. It works on the assumption that price can take only one of the three directions:

It rests on those market patterns that have been identified as significant. That means those factors which are repetitive in nature or will produce desired results.

History always repeats itself as human psychology changes very slowly with time. That is market movements are predictable.

VARIOUS TECHNICAL INDICATORS ARE:

  1. RELATIVE STRENGTH INDEX:

It takes into account the ratio of upward and downward movements in the index and expresses it in the range of zero to a hundred.

2.CHARTS:

Charts include various hills, slopes, curves that develop on a chart over time and reflect some major and minor changes in the pattern. Some of the chart formations include:

TRIANGLE
RECTANGLE
HEAD AND SHOULDERS
DOUBLE TOP AND BOTTOM
SAUCERS

3.GAPS:

A gap represents the area on a bar chart where no trading took place.

UPGAP: it is formed when the lowest price on a particular day is more than the highest price of the previous day.

DOWNGAP: it is formed when the highest price of a certain day is less than the lowest price on the previous day.

NUMBERS:

Various number theories are used in technical analysis like:

Fibonacci theory
GANN

STOCHASTIC OSCILLATOR:

This indicates the overbought or/and undersold condition. It uses a scale of zero to hundred percent.

FUNDAMENTAL ANALYSIS:

It is the one where the current economic, political, financial situation of the country of currency is studied. A countryĆ­s economical and political condition depends upon many factors like the interest rate, unemployment level, exports and imports, per capita income, percentage of the population living above and below the poverty line, inflation, trade relations with other countries, tax policies etc.

A fundamental analyst studies and evaluates all these factors before coming to any decision. Thus it helps in long term decision making and making profits in the short term by extraordinary developments.

Some of the indicators that help in the fundamental analysis include:

  1. GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT:

It reflects the total market value of all the goods and services produced in a country during a given year.

  1. RETAIL SALES:

This reflects total receipts by all the retail stores in a country.

  1. CONSUMER PRICE INDEX:

It reflects the change in the prices of consumer goods.

  1. BUSINESS CYCLE:

It reflects various phases through which a business passes. These phases include:

EXPANSION
PEAK
RECESSION
DEPRESSION

  1. MONETARY POLICY:

It controls the supply of money in an economy.

Trading successfully needs knowledge, time and understanding of a market. You cannot earn continuously in a Forex market due to its volatile nature. Thus as a trader, you should try to consider both technical and fundamental strategies of forex trading and make a decision based on market expectations and trends. Try trading with money that you can afford to lose without any regrets. Trade with logic and if you are not sure quit and take rest for some time.